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    Meet Mansa Musa - His Story Deon Sowobi

Diplomatic Tour of Sudanese Leader

Diplomatic Tour of Sudanese Leader Sparks Optimism for Peace Agreement

Sudan’s de facto leader, General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, embarked on a diplomatic tour, rekindling hopes for a potential peace agreement in the war-torn nation. General al-Burhan, who effectively rules Sudan, recently visited Egypt and South Sudan before arriving in Qatar to discuss the ongoing crisis that began on April 15, pitting the Sudanese military against the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF).

@Diplomatic Tour of Sudanese Leader Sparks Optimism for Peace Agreement

This flurry of high-profile international visits within a week has sparked speculation that negotiations might be underway to end the conflict between General al-Burhan’s forces and the RSF, led by General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, who was once an ally but later became a political rival during the October 2021 coup that brought al-Burhan to power.

In late August, General al-Burhan made his first official trip since the conflict began, meeting with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in Cairo. Egypt has been a key ally for al-Burhan since the coup that brought him to power.

@Diplomatic Tour of Sudanese Leader Sparks Optimism for Peace Agreement

Diplomatic Tour of Sudanese LeaderAs international mediation efforts, including those by Saudi Arabia and the United States, failed to yield results, Egypt offered to facilitate talks between Sudanese factions. In July, Egypt established a group consisting of Sudan’s neighbouring countries and six others to find solutions to the violent conflict. After receiving Cairo’s support, General al-Burhan travelled to South Sudan on September 4, where he held discussions with President Salva Kiir in Juba.

General al-Burhan’s third diplomatic meeting took place in Doha, Qatar, with Qatar’s Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani. The Sudanese Sovereignty Council stated that General al-Burhan intended to discuss “issues of common interest and the situation in Sudan” during his visit.

Politically, these trips allowed General al-Burhan to assert his authority as the chairman of the Sovereign Council, even as his Khartoum headquarters remained under siege by the RSF for nearly five months.

@Diplomatic Tour of Sudanese Leader Sparks Optimism for Peace Agreement

From a diplomatic perspective, these visits, likely facilitated by an agreement permitting his departure from headquarters, have rekindled hopes of a negotiated resolution to the crisis.

Muhammad Khalifa al-Siddiq, a professor of political science at the International University of Africa in Khartoum, remarked, “By visiting Egypt and South Sudan, albeit briefly, Burhan is showing that he is willing to seek a rapid political solution at a time when several international initiatives are on the table.” He emphasized that if al-Burhan believed he could resolve the conflict through military means alone, he would have stayed home.

Before departing for Egypt, General al-Burhan downplayed expectations, urging his soldiers to focus on the war rather than discussions. However, Siddiq believes that this speech aimed to boost troop morale.

@Diplomatic Tour of Sudanese Leader Sparks Optimism for Peace Agreement

Al-Siddiq stated, “Burhan’s travels signal the beginning of political and diplomatic action.” His trip to South Sudan holds particular significance, as South Sudan has emerged as a key mediator in Sudan’s crises.

South Sudan understands Sudan’s complex issues, and it was instrumental in brokering the historic peace agreement between Sudanese authorities and several rebel groups in August 2020.

Burhan’s attendance at the United Nations General Assembly in New York in September could be a significant step forward if he signals his intention to halt the war. He is expected to meet with the UN Secretary-General and leaders of influential nations and institutions. This could potentially lead to resolutions on humanitarian and political issues, as each day of conflict brings more suffering and violations.

@Diplomatic Tour of Sudanese Leader Sparks Optimism for Peace Agreement

The ongoing conflict between the two generals has already resulted in at least 5,000 casualties, according to estimates by the NGO Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project. The UN reports that the fighting has displaced 5.1 million people within and outside Sudan.

 

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